You’ve seen the flyers at your doctor’s office for diagnostic imaging. You may have seen commercials on TV about imaging facilities or even searched Google for Diagnostic imaging in new jersey. What exactly is it? Radiology is the branch of medicine that uses several technologies to diagnose a problem so that physicians can determine the best course of treatment. The following are some common radiologic techniques and how they are used.
If you or your child played sports, you are probably already familiar with x-rays. This type of radiology is typically used to diagnose broken bones. However, you may get them every year at your dentist, as well. X-rays use electromagnetic radiation that easily passes through soft tissues like skin and muscle and highlights very dense material, such as bones. The amount of radiation absorbed by the body is very low, so the benefit far outweighs the risk. Even so, as a precaution, the technician may wear a lead apron and place one on you, as well.
Magnetic resonance imaging, or MRI, is used for investigating problems involving soft tissues and organs. Many brain injuries and illnesses affecting the brain are diagnosed with MRI, such as dementia, stroke, and multiple sclerosis. Other organs like the heart, liver, or pancreas may also require an MRI for an accurate diagnosis.
A mammogram is a type of x-ray used for breast cancer treatment and diagnosis. Recent advances in technology, such as 3-D imaging, have led to earlier detection of breast cancer. With digital mammography, the x-rays are converted to pictures of the inside of the breast.
This is only a small sample of the many types and uses of diagnostic imaging. According to your needs, your physician may ask to have other types of radiology performed to confirm or even eliminate a diagnosis. The risks from these types of procedures are relatively low and the benefits may save your life.