Major Forms of Mesothelioma Cancer. Exposure to asbestos fibers is the main cause of mesothelioma cancer. Close association with someone exposed to asbestos fiber can also cause mesothelioma cancer. Several forms of mesothelioma exist but the most common are pleural and abdominal. The asbestos fibers can be consumed by either breathing or ingestion. The fiber ledge around the mesothelial cells thereby causing irritation and inflammation. The cancerous tissues and tumor results from the inflammation of the mesothelial cells. The process of growth of the cancer is gradual and often goes undetected. It is also difficult to treat mesothelioma cancer when diagnosed at a late stage. Mesothelial cells are usually found in membranes around the cavities in the body. Pleural membrane around the chest cavity and lungs, peritoneum membrane in the abdominal cavity and pericardium membrane that lines the chest interior are some of the common membranes containing mesothelial cells. The level of prognosis of mesothelioma cancer decreases as the stage increases. Drugs have been developed for treatment of mesothelioma cancer which will, in turn, improve the prognosis significantly. The various types of mesothelioma cancer have different symptoms. Some of the symptoms associated with pleural cancer include a dry cough, chest pains, pain during breathing, and difficulty in breathing. Weight loss, diarrhea, fevers, night sweats, constipation, and growth of lumps in the abdominal region are some of the symptoms associated with abdominal mesothelioma cancer. Several treatment options are available for cancer, but the effectiveness of the options are usually compromised when the cancer is at a late stage. Therefore, if you experience any of the symptoms mentioned above you should consult with your doctor.
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Mesothelioma cancer usually have four stages of growth. The stage at which cancer has reached is determined by the size of the cancerous tissues and the level of the symptoms. Late stages of cancer means that the cancerous cells have spread from the membranes to other body organs and the tumor is also large. The illness is more severe in stage four since the cancerous tissues have spread in several other body organs. At the last stage, the treatment options are not only limited but also ineffective.
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Factors that determine the kind treatment the cancer patient should be subjected to include the stage of cancer, the age of the patient and the size of the tumor and cancerous tissues. The treatment options are categorized as traditional, alternative methods, miscellaneous and new treatment approaches. The traditional category include treatment methods such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. New treatment approaches involves the use of drugs. A combination of different forms of treatment will lead to better results. Cancer treatment is always painful, and therefore you should go for palliative care to relieve the pain.