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What Is Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is an age related medical condition that affects older adults. Loss of vision is the result of this condition. But this condition is far more different than other conditions because macular degeneration causes the loss of the center field of vision. Macula is the area of the eyes and because of retina damage loss of vision can occur. There are 2 forms which is the wet and dry foam. This often happens to people who are over the age of fifty.

Because the macular degeneration affects that central vision, a person who has this may have difficulty in recognizing places and people and they will have hard time reading. There is still a good thing with macular degeneration, and this is because the peripheral vision is still intact the person can still handle his daily tasks. With the dry version of macular degeneration which is also called nonexudative is also caused by the buildup of debris between the choroid and retina. The debris that buildup between the retina and choloid in the dry form is Drusen that causes the retina to be detached and can cause the symptoms of blindness.

Exudative or wet form of macular degeneration is caused by blood vessels to grow behind the retina. Choroid is the place where it grows. The macular degeneration is this form can be treated using medication and laser coagulation. With the help of this treatment it can either stop or in other cases it can reverse the growth of the blood vessel that causes this condition.
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There are yellow deposits that may appear in the macula and this is the signs of macular degeneration. The yellow deposits are made up of drusen.
People who are now in the early stage may not notice anything different in their eyesight. The person may only notice that they are having problem when the condition is already worst and that deposit have already increased. It is believed that the yellow deposits are actually cholesterol but it is still unconfirmed by scientists and there is also a possibility that by using cholesterol lowering treatments it will respond.
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Those who are experiencing exudative form of macular degeneration or also known as Neovascular AMD is also caused by growth in blood vessel. Having this type of growth can cause bleeding and leak which will ten cause scarring and with this damage it is irreversible. With the new found medication that has currently released it will not only help in dealing with this type of macular degeneration or AMD.